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Cognitive Engineering
Research Institute
7565 East Eagle Crest Dr.
Ste. 105
Mesa, AZ 85207

P: 480-988-7306


Workshop Sponsors
» Federal Aviation Administration
» Air Force Office of Scientific Research
» Air Force Research Laboratory
» Research Integrations
» Human Factors and Ergonomics Society

Nancy J. Cooke & Dee Andrews

The "term unmanned" is misleading when used in the context of UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) as well as other remotely operated vehicles. UAV operations involve many people ranging from those in the UAV ground control station and Air Operations Center to those in nearby manned aircraft. Analogies of UAV operations to manned flight or air traffic control tasks misrepresent the complexity of UAV operations. Trends toward reduced staffing of operations, increased number of vehicles to control, and integration with other air operations and combat functions are all associated with critical human factors issues. This workshop follows on the heels of the highly successful First and Second Annual Human Factors of UAVs Workshops. The objective of this workshop is to unite the human factors research community with the UAV operational community and UAV developers to identify the critical human factors challenges associated with UAV operations and provide a venue for disseminating peer-reviewed research results in this growing area. This year, in addition to research papers focusing on human factors issues pertinent to UAVs, we are especially interested in hearing perspectives from operators, designers, and human factors researchers involved in Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs) and Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs). We also encourage papers on civilian applications of UAVs.


Ground control of multiple vehicles: workload, situation awareness

Staffing UAV operations: qualifications, leadership, size of team

Command-and-control of remote vehicles: issues of team coordination and information management

Perceptual issues in remote control of UAVs, UGVs and UUVs

Perceptual and cognitive issues in UAV/UGV/UUV sensor operation

UAV integration with other air operations (military and civilian)

Human factors issues specific to applications of remotely operated vehicles (e.g., border patrol, Mars exploration)

Training for remotely operated vehicle operations

Sustained operations and remotely operated vehicles

Medical criteria for operators

Presentations & Abstracts
Welcome and Logistics; Cooke, N.J.; Cognitive Engineering Research Institute (CERI).
Keynote address #1: Unmanned Vehicles for the Rest of Us: UVs for Homeland Security vs. Homeland Defense; Robin Murphy; University of South Florida.
Keynote address #2: FAA Status and the Way Ahead; Steve Swartz; FAA.
Overview of UAS Human Factors at the FAA: Aircraft Certification Service; Kaliardos, B.; Federal Aviation Administration. Click here for Abstract.
Overview of UAS Human Factors at the FAA: Flight Standards Service; Adams, R.; Federal Aviation Administration.
Overview of UAS Human Factors at the FAA: Civil Aerospace Medical Institute; Williams, K.; Federal Aviation Administration.
A Summary of Human Factors Research and Its Use in Certifying and Operating Unmanned Aerial Systems in the National Airspace System; Lyall, B., Johnson, D., & Harron, G.; Research Integrations Inc.  Click here for Abstract.
“Human-Machine Interface (HMI) for Unmanned Aviation”; Jeff Goldfinger, Brandes Associates.  Click here for Abstract.
Human Factors in the Maintenance of UAVs; Hobbs, A. & Herwitz, S.; NASA.  Click here for Abstract.
Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Operations Tempo and Human Factors Accident Rates; Hunn, B.; U. S. Army Research Laboratory.  Click here for Abstract.
Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Human System Integration: The U. S. Air Force Experience; Tvaryanas, A. P.; Performance Enhancement Directorate.  Click here for Abstract.
Comparing Situation Awareness for Two UAV Interface Approaches; Drury, J. L. & Richer, J.; MITRE Corp.  Click here for Abstract.
An Investigation of Situational Awareness in Real World Control of Robotic Assets with Communication Latency; Luck J. 1, McDermott, P. 1, & Allender, L. 2; MA&D1,U. S. Army Research Laboratory-HRED.  Click here for Abstract.
Spatial Disorientation in Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles – A Preliminary Empirical Study; Olson, W. A., DeLauer, E. H., & Fale, C. A.; United States Air Force Academy.  Click here for Abstract.
Assessing Effects of Robot Control Mode on Performance and Situation Awareness in a Maze Navigation Task; Riley, J. M. & Strater, L. D.; SA Technologies, Inc.  Click here for Abstract.
“Predator UAV Briefing”; Maj. Matt Martin, USAF
Decision Support for Workload Mitigation in Supervisory Control of Multiple UAVs; Brzezinski, A., & Cummings, M. L.; MIT.  Click here for Abstract.
On Predicting System Performance, Operator Workload, and Wait Times for Human-UV Teams; Crandall, J. W. 1, Cummings, M. L. 1, Goodrich, M. A. 2, & Nielsen, C. W. 3; MIT1, BYU2, Idaho National Laboratory.  Click here for Abstract.
Determination of Mental Workload During Operation of Multiple Unmanned Systems; Pomranky, R. A. 1 & Wojciechowski, J. Q. 2; U. S. Army Research Laboratory, Ft. Hood, TX1, U. S. Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Grounds, MD2.  Click here for Abstract.
Mini-UAV User Interface Elements: Trade-offs and Validation; Goodrich, M. & Cooper, J.; BYU.  Click here for Abstract.
Plan Understanding and Mission Assessment (PUMA): An Interactive Decision Support System for Autonomous Unmanned Vehicle Mission Management; Guerlain, S. 1, Goldman, R. P. 2, Funk, H. B. 2, & Allen, S.3; University of Virginia1, SIFT2, Emiror Inc.  Click here for Abstract.
Delegation in a Changeable World: Supporting Playbook™ Interactions for Unpredictable Tasks; Miller, C. A., Goldman, R. P., & Funk, H. B.; SIFT.  Click here for Abstract.
Cognitive engineering and HMI design of a UAV Ground Control Station; Richards, D. & Howitt, S.; Qineti.  Click here for Abstract.

Break-Out Session Summaries
» Operator Selection and Training Breakout Session
» Automation Breakout Summary
» Closing Comments by Dr. Nancy Cooke

Misc Documents & Links
» Final Workshop Agenda

At the request of the Authors the following 2 presentations will not be posted, or appear on the workshop DVD:

Simulation and Tele-operation of Unmanned Vehicle Missions within an Immersive Virtual Environment. Newendorp, B. 1 & Duncan, J. 2; Iowa State University1, John Deere Technology Center-Moline2.

Operator Vehicle Interface Technology & Studies for Cooperative Control of Small Heterogeneous Systems. Petkosek, M. A., Patzek, M. J., Warfield, L., Gonzalez-Garcia, A., & Carretta, T. R.; United States Air Force Research Laboratory.

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